Endang-Species-Res-33-265–279-2017

The CARMMHA consortium will aim to publish over a dozen peer-reviewed manuscripts in scientific journals and also present our findings at scientific conferences.

The results of the thematic projects and dolphin health assessments will be integrated into models to predict the recovery trajectory of cetacean populations following the DWH spill.  These models will be of particular interest to researchers in the marine mammal scientific community.

Another one of the more broadly applicable areas of research to be pursued by the consortium is the examination of potential oil-related cardiotoxicity in dolphins. This will not only be of great interest to wildlife researchers who are exploring similar effects in other marine species but also to human health researchers due to the similarity of marine mammal and human exposure routes (i.e. inhalation) and conserved mammalian physiology.

Relevant publications from consortium members


  1. . Takeshita et al., The Deepwater Horizon oil spill marine mammal injury assessment. Endang Species Res 33, 95-106 (2017).
  2. C. R. Smith et al., Slow recovery of Barataria Bay dolphin health following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (2013-2014), with evidence of persistent lung disease and impaired stress response. Endang Species Res 33, 127-142 (2017).
  3. L. H. Schwacke et al., Health of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Barataria Bay Louisiana, following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Environ Sci Technol 48, 93-103 (2014).
  4. S. De Guise et al., Changes in immune functions in bottlenose dolphins in the northern Gulf of Mexico associated with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Endang Species Res (In Press).
  5. N. M. Kellar et al., Low reproductive success rates of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus in the northern Gulf of Mexico following the Deepwater Horizon disaster (2010-2015). Endang Specie Res 33, 143-158 (2017).
  6. T. L. McDonald et al., Survival, density, and abundance of common bottlenose dolphins in Barataria Bay (USA) following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Endang Species Res 33, 193-209 (2017).
  7. L. H. Schwacke et al., Quantifying injury to common bottlenose dolphins from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using an age-, sex- and class-structured population model. Endang Species Res 33, 265-27 (2017).
  8. DWH NRDA Trustees, “Deepwater Horizon oil spill: final programmatic damage assessment an restoration plan (PDARP) and final programmatic environmental impact statement (PEIS),” (Retrieve from http://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/restoration-planning/gulf-plan, 2016).
  9. Deepwater Horizon Marine Mammal Injury Quantification Team, “Models and Analyses for the Quantification of Injury to Gulf of Mexico Cetaceans from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill,” Technica report. MM_TR.01_Schwacke_Quantification.of.lnjury.to.GOM.Cetaceans, (Retrieved fro https://www.fws.gov/doiddata/dwh-ar-documents/876/DWH-AR0105866.pdf, 2015).
  10. R. H. Carmichael, W. M. Graham, A. Aven, G. Worthy, S. Howden, Were multiple stressors a ‘perfect storm’ for northern Gulf of Mexico bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in 2011? PLoS One 7 e41155 (2012).
  11. B. C. Balmer et al., Assessing threats from multiple stressors on coastal and estuarine bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in southern waters. Southeast and Mid-Atlantic Marine Mammal Symposium (SEAMAMMS). 1-3 April 2016. Savannah, GA. (2016).
  12. Trustees, Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Final programmatic damage assessment and restoration plan an final programmatic environmental impact statement. Technical report. Retrieved from http://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/restoration-planning/gulf-plan. (2016).
  13. C. Smith et al., Pulmonary ultrasound findings in a bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus population Dis Aquat Organ 101, 243-255 (2012).
  14. S. Venn-Watson et al., Adrenal gland and lung lesions in Gulf of Mexico common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) found dead following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. PLoS One 10, e012653 (2015).
  15. L. H. Schwacke et al., Eosinophilia and biotoxin exposure in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus from a coastal area impacted by repeated mortality events. Environ Res 110, 548-555 (2010).
  16. L. H. Schwacke et al., Anaemia, hypothyroidism and immune suppression associated with polychlorinated biphenyl exposure in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Proc Biol Sci 279, 48 57 (2012).
  17. D. H. N. R. D. A. Trustees., “Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Final Programmatic Damage Assessment and Restoration Plan and Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Retrieved fro http://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/restoration-planning/gulf-plan., (2016).
  18. K. M. Colegrove et al., Fetal distress and in utero pneumonia in perinatal dolphins during the Northern Gulf of Mexico unusual mortality event. Dis Aqua Org 119, 1-16 (2016).
  19. A. A. Hohn et al., Assigning stranded bottlenose dolphins to source stocks using stable isotope ratio following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Endang Species Res 33, 235-252 (2017).
  20. R. S. Wells et al., Bottlenose dolphins as marine ecosystem sentinels: Developing a health monitoring system. EcoHealth 1, 246-254 (2004).
  21. L. Hart, R. Wells, L. Schwacke, Body mass index and maximum girth reference ranges for bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the southeastern United States. Aquat Biol 18, 6 (2013).
  22. L. H. Schwacke et al., Hematologic and serum biochemical reference intervals for free-rangin common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and variation in the distributions of clinicopathologic values related to geographic sampling site. Am J Vet Res 70, 973-985 (2009).
  23. B. Balmer et al., Extended movements of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) along the northern Gulf of Mexico’s central coast. Gulf Mex Sci 33, 93-97 (2016).
  24. B. C. Balmer et al., Advances in cetacean telemetry: a review of single-pin transmitter attachment techniques on small cetaceans. Mar Mamm Sci 30, 656-673 (2014).
  25. P. E. Rosel et al., Genetic assignment to stock of stranded common bottlenose dolphins in southeastern Louisiana after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Endang Species Res 33, 221-234 (2017).